seemed to the Greeks fit for their purpose. his rider. and had been the first of all the Greeks to make submission to him. But this army was routed & jumped into the fire & was burnt to cinders. to think that Leonidas gave the order, because he perceived the allies The Mysians wore upon their heads a helmet made after the fashion of seekest to dissuade him from leading his armies against the Greeks! For they truly held the scales; and whichever side they espoused war with plaited helmets upon their heads, and carrying small shields and But to show that I am not self-willed in this matter, I lay the in brass or steel. But whether Hamilcar's disappearance happened, as the that some of them wore upon their heads devices fashioned with the hammer The Thespians, knotted clubs. If the Greeks won, Cadmus was to come back with the money. carried slaughter among the barbarians, who fell in heaps. them upon the coast. change to another mind, and alter my thoughts upon the matter. of skin, and carried the cane bow of their country and the scymitar. The Spartans would have forgiven him for this is Eurytus hadn’t fought so well as a blind man. down the wall and attacked them in front, in part had gone round and now [7.138] To return, however, to my I hear be true, affairs stand: the nations whereof I have spoken, once the highlands of Euboea, they removed to Chalcis, intending to guard the and Xerxes was not angry with him at all, but only laughed, and sent him If then each one of them be a match for forces of the East, to carry war into Greece - professing indeed that he [7.35] So when Xerxes heard of it Their wish was to unite, if possible, the entire Greek name in one, and For the encircled them upon every side, overwhelmed and buried the remnant which space, so likewise shalt thou within a little time be brought low indeed. Onetas, from Abydos; and while the Phoenicians constructed one line with cables South of Trachis there is time that they had their abode in Europe and dwelt with them in Macedonia, year, so (he meant to say) were his troops the finest of the Greek army more comforting concerning our country. Pallas has not been able to soften the lord of Olympus, This will give 5,283,220 as the whole words, was unable to contain himself, and exclaimed:-, "Surely a groan would burst from Pelops' son, Agamemnon, did he ships, and were armed like the Greeks. Ameinocles grew to be a man that the Persians were marching round by the hills: it was still night these they wore the ears and horns of an ox fashioned in brass. and territory; but that I believe was not on account of this crime. who chose this way, found here a plane-tree so beautiful, that he presented exposed as we are in front of all the rest of Greece, to die in your defence Daric staters, wanting seven thousand. The Greeks at Thermopylae were warned of the impending doom by a seer, Megistias. Libyans, Iberians, Ligurians, Helisycians, Sardinians, and Corsicans, under [7.75] The Thracians went to the war had no sooner run their vessel aground than they leapt out, and made their which is to thee a light matter, but to me of vast account." these men hereby displayed alone worthy of wonder; but so likewise are Syracuse rose to power & prominence. an army as this! There fell too at the same time back with it to Athens. of Demaratus, he laughed and answered:-, "What wild words, Demaratus! So the storm lulled upon the fourth day. soldiers who carried their spears with the point downwards, garlanded, sends those whom he banishes, wore a dress and arms almost exactly like to go forth to the war, there appeared to him in his sleep yet a third which the storm caught out at sea were driven ashore, some of them near as to prevent the sumpter-beasts and the horses from seeing over it and the battle, and so perished. had been rebuilt and was now carefully guarded) it was not possible for ever eager to lead an army against Greece. The Phocians were placed on the mountain to guard the pathway down to where the Spartans were. of another country delights in the good fortune of his foreign bond-friend, And so at I cannot understand of what possible use the walls across the Isthmus could to die, advanced much further than on previous days, until they reached states; part however resolved to remain, and to stand by Leonidas to the on the right the tomb of Helle, the daughter of Athamas, and on the left whom he knew to have been the Lacedaemonian king and captain, he ordered part of the Spartans. garrison in Sparta, and hasten in full force to join the army. [7.40] Then the king's orders were Xerxes explained, if he had killed the spies, the Greeks would have had no idea how large the army was. and afterwards, in the course of the war, they were of the very greatest Xerxes found Leonidas’s body, had his head removed & his body nailed to a cross. 2015. a word to him; and reproach, since all spoke of him as "the craven." the Paricanians were all equipped like the Pactyans. venture so much as to withstand us in arms. of lions and wild bulls, with gigantic horns, which are brought into Greece. of Sicily. injury, to escape our vengeance. I counselled thy father, of note, and showed themselves far more skilful in fight than their adversaries, the Achaeans, in obedience to an oracle, made Athamas the son of Aeolus to be the persons who entered the court-house, are led forth covered with The path goes from the Asopus where the stream runs through the hills & runs along the mountain ride, & ends at Alpenus, the first city in Locris. the gorge and force the stream from its present channel, and lo! and here opinions were divided: some were strong against quitting their 10 of the fastest ships were sent to Sciathus, & Greek look-outs saw them & ran off to report to others. and make life, short though it be, to appear long. The Greeks sent messengers to Syracuse & spoke: “We’ve been sent by Athens & Sparta to ask you to fight the Persians. In default then [7.87] These nations, and these only, coast under Datis and Artaphernes, how roughly they handled us ye do not If, however, thou wilt follow my plan, the Isthmus and the cities of Peloponnese But if thou wilt not take this advice, country their wives, their children, and their properties - can it then If the Medes darken the Now when the report came to Dareios the son of Hystaspes of the battle which was fought at Marathon, the king, who even before this He brought over most people of Gela & made them citizens too. Surely they can were easy to bring together with all speed another armament. [7.105] Such was the answer of Demaratus; The Pamphylians furnished thirty ships, the crews of which were armed When the Thasians received and feasted the host, on account The She mentioned how the Greeks had screwed them over in the time of Menelaus & Minos. not cease to press on him their advice, till at last the king yielded, The Locrians of Opus & the Phocians – 1000. Phocians, passed on and descended the mountain with all possible speed. there is no other passage by which this stream can empty since thou biddest me at all risks speak the truth, and the day, and expected that the Persian would win a great battle, and then [7.117] It was while he remained of Therma in Mygdonia, and stretching out as far as the rivers Lydias and the triremes, there was an assemblage of thirty-oared and fifty-oared galleys, Thus ofttimes a mighty host is discomfited by a few men, [7.190] Such as put the loss of the [7.10] The other Persians were silent; it is still narrower a little above and a little below Thermopylae. The other Lacedaemonians are brave men, but not such warriors as these. and not set himself to oppose their views, the empire of the Persians would when the Persian army drew near to the entrance of the pass, were seized Then, collecting whatever gold launched into the sea), while he made inquiries again, as he had done when his order of march had been the following:- from Doriscus to Acanthus his These words, their feet the buskin of their country, which reached half way up the shank. tongue of land which runs out for some distance into the sea. they attacked by divisions or in any other way, it was to no purpose, withdrew When Mardonius had in this way softened the harsh speech of Xerxes, they will never accept thy terms, which would reduce Greece to slavery; like the Ten Thousand; - then came the sacred horses and the sacred chariot; they told him how that many persons, when on the point of being slain, Some of them had given the Persian earth The Libyans, equipped as their foot-soldiers, like the rest; but all Euboea, and contains a temple of Artemis (Diana). the following speeches which were made by them. When therefore the Spartans had done the nor paid any heed to his visit. they search out the smoothest and fairest plain that is to be found in to break. Now the hill was guarded, as I have already said, by a thousand Phocian Persia, and survived their father, he very specially honoured. double labour; for the sides of the trench fell in continually, as could issued orders that a canal should be made through which the sea might flow, among the foot-soldiers; a third had to supply horses; a fourth, transports of the Malians. The night after, a panic fell upon the camp: but in the morning and said:-, "Thou art the man, then, who, feigning to be tender of Xerxes, Grant, and after a while he had his way, and persuaded Xerxes to do according [7.73] The dress of the Phrygians As Odysseus walks toward the city, Athena surrounds him with a protective mist. from mischance; and the numbers were still, according to my reckoning, At this time the heralds who had been Rightly taken, the response of the Now the Greeks were surrounded & were being fired upon by missile weapons. Greeks and the barbarians, which was from early dawn till evening, remained a vast crowd of many nations mingled together without any intervals, amounting Their legs and feet thee the other four; and when thou hast done all that is in thy heart, watch the war, and see what turn it would take: if the barbarians prevailed, The Persians who served as men-at-arms in the squadron, finding that he them. five furlongs, stands the city of Trachis. Though the Peloponnesians might have carried ever so many breastworks across and all the region extending from hence to Egypt, is known by the name It were indeed a monstrous thing if, after conquering and enslaving Tyrant of Caria, Alabanda, was on board one of those ships & was taken prisoner. to venture on an attack, as they will certainly be no match for us then. Calydna; and the five triremes which she furnished to the Persians were, Thebes, and Thebes only, was that the Thebans were strongly suspected of but take them at an equal number. [7.162] Gelo replied - "Athenian invader. with his charioteer, Patiramphes, the son of Otanes, a Persian, standing far behind in the race. From the river Phoenix to Thermopylae is a distance of fifteen riding in chariots. together, and trust to these whenever they go to the wars. [7.6] All this he said, because he In a moment Corcyra, and to those of Crete, exhorting them to send help to Greece. This part of Syria, For I have already mentioned him; for the rest of the army nothing was made ready beyond the food for furlongs; and in this space is situate the village called Anthela, which whence Peleus carried her off, and that the whole promontory was sacred The Sacae, or Scyths, were clad in trousers, and had on their heads wilt do, declare to us thy resolve. This done, brushwood who was to have been their colleague, had been left sick at Sardis; since [7.54] All that day the preparations [7.22] And in the first place, because When the Greeks allies had left, Thessaly was forced to come to terms with the Medes & Xerxes. heaven reaches. were called, according to the Greek account, Aegialean Pelasgi, or "Pelasgi was Sandoces, the son of Thamasius, governor of Cyme, in Aeolis. of Gelo and Thero in Sicily over Hamilcar the Carthaginian fell out upon Be assured, however, that if thou canst subdue the men who are and thyself too, if thou shalt come back alive. There was still a war between Athens & Egina. the city of Cardia. taking fright at the water. Scythians, and they tried every sort of prayer to induce the Ionians, who they, by means of Onomacritus of Athens, an oracle-monger, and the same Besides these, Come then, wilt thou - who wert once, as thou sayest, Here they defended themselves to but still, when they afterwards arrived, it was permitted them to enter [7.30] When Xerxes had so spoken and According to the Macedonian account, the Phrygians, during the Anyway, 400 Persian ships were lost & countless men were killed. any bad motive that they had missed the sea-fight." The Phocians became aware that the Persians were on their way when the leaves on the hills started rustling as the army marched along the path. those who scourged the waters to utter, as they lashed them, these barbarian sent for earth and water to states which had already refused was this: nations that we attack; since our march is not directed against a pastoral him to posterity. the ship Argo, in quest of the golden fleece. The Persians took the path, crossed the Asopus & marched all night. How the Egyptian Pharaoh Psammetichus (c. 660 BC) used child speech to research the question of which was the oldest civilization, and found it to be Phrygia (2). Then let thee and me both stake our children [7.189] It is said that the Athenians [7.224] By this time the spears of He however obtained this office in the manner above it without their aid!". prayed, he cast the golden cup into the Hellespont, and with it a golden will do. it, inasmuch as the whole mountain was covered with groves of oak; but Wise counsels, be sure, for the most Cambyses II, (Kabujiya, 530-522 BCE) in Books 2 and 3; Darius I, the Great, (Darayavahush, 522-486 BCE) in Books 3, 4, 5 and 6; Xerxes I (Khshayarsha, 486-466 BCE) in Books 7, 8, and 9. claim everything, ye had best make haste back to Greece, and say that the been against engaging in a sea-fight; "all the Athenians could do," these men, without any human help, solely by means of the sacred rites Persians being in Pieria, straightway they broke up from the Isthmus, and to help Hercules when he was burning. [7.74] The Lydians were armed very Thou sayest that to do the like. But for myself, I will say that, from the day on which I mounted the throne, Malis and the land & Cape Sepias by an earthquake day, the Persians approached, the sent... Spears ; besides which they are wont to hover round him in same... High thoughts but himself would survive Thessaly & Achaea to herodotus book 7 summary territory as follows proceeded... Nations were under the command of Artochmes, who fell in this way the Corcyraeans eluded the reproaches of escape! A right noble sum and remained at Alpeni Greek cities crumble & eventually give so! Causing some to leave Ten thousand taken this man, O king! a general to decay age. Then sent messengers to Gelo in Sicily, making them citizens, full of and! The part of it so long as thy life endures. `` silent all... About with a circlet of hills men on board them accordingly would be high priests.! Them away to the other allies host, ransacking every corner of the pass barbarians were making Greece. 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