Differentiated instruction is based on modification of four elements: content, process, product, and affect/learning environment. Teachers can also integrate essential practices for English-language learners and for students with disabilities. For struggling. In this article, the author gives practical examples of how to differentiate content, process, and product for your students. The content involves the curriculum, the information learned, the standards and skills being taught. For some students, giving an online presentation in front of their classmates is a terrifying prospect. For example, instead of an English or Social Studies essay, students can show mastery through the following tasks: 1. Teachers can differentiate in four main ways: content, process, environment, and product. Finally, the above-level article may address more complex issues such as how citizenship connects to the functioning of society and government. Understand that figurative Changing these different aspects of a classroom can help students feel more comfortable and experience more success. Grading and Reporting for Modified Students, 3. Therefore, teachers should vary the activities students use to master the concepts or skills. This has made it very important for businesses to make their customers understand what different they have to The other part is how students respond through readiness, interests, and learning profiles. While I’ve heard different theories, I’m not quite sure where it originated from). When explaining to pre-service teachers how to differentiate in the classroom, I usually revert to drawing a simple diagram. Teachers may also modify the learning environment in direct response to a student’s learning profile. Product. 3. Sign up for our free weekly newsletter and receive. learners, textbooks can be loaded onto an MP3 player and listened to and those who have difficulty writing can record their projects as an adaptation. Teachers can also integrate essential practices for English-language learners and for students with disabilities. Providing a list, or a fill in the blank, allows the student to focus on the words. When teachers differentiate process, they teach the same concept or skill to each student; however, the manner in which each student makes sense of the topic or skill can vary. Differentiated instruction is based on modification of four elements: content, process, product, and affect/learning environment. - After pre-assessing student knowledge, content can be "compacted" for those who have mastery of the material. Examples of differentiating process or activities at the elementary level include the following: Using tiered activities through which all learners work with the same important understandings and skills, but proceed with different levels of support, challenge, or complexity; Page 6: Differentiate Process. For instance, changing the content of a reading lesson may just be what a student or group of students in the classroom require; changing the other two elements might complicate the lesson and therefore, add to much complexity. It might be helpful to keep this diagram handy as you plan lessons, referring to it as you consider how to adjust the key elements of the lesson to truly meet the needs of all students. Grading and Reporting for Adapted Students, 4. Differentiating Product. Choosing Product Differentiation Strategies. Process is the means for students to interpret the content and ideas that are outlined in the curriculum. Align tasks and objectives to learning goals. Illustrate a detailed timeline 3. The time can be used to do enrichment activities such as independent study to expand their knowledge base. - Using various texts, or supplemental texts that are written at different grade levels, can convey the same meaning as the standard textbook. Lesson planning and instruction of content, process, and product are only half of the equation. When teachers differentiate instruction with elements of content, they look at the 'what 'part of teaching. When you ‘differentiate product’, you allow students to show they have mastered the work through alternative tasks or outputs. - Talking and interacting with peers allows information to be processed and can tap into higher learning as the discussion progresses. This means it should match a student's readiness level. The class consists of a handful of gifted and advanced students, several students identified as requiring learning accommodations, and the remainder performing at grade-level in various subjects. Guide Differentiation - Readiness - Interest - Learning Style These are more like puzzle pieces that can interlock with each other … or interlock with : - Content - Process - Product or content, process, and product may interlock with each other. Content may be chunked, shared through graphic organizers, addressed through jigsaw groups, or used to provide different techniques for solving equations. Differentiation of content refers to a change in the material being learned by a student. I tell the pre-service teachers that you can differentiate any lesson by changing one or more of these elements. It depends on your students’ learning needs and on the lesson taught. Grouping techniques, … COPYRIGHT 1996 - 2020 BY EDUCATION WORLD, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. As mentioned above, you have six ways to differentiate, by product, service, channels of distribution, relationships, reputation/image and price. Students may have opportunities to choose their content focus based on interests. Readiness, Interest and Learning Profile, 7. In our previous article about the process of entrepreneurship, we discussed how entrepreneurial innovation could simply mean being able to communicate how your business is different to others.We asserted that this is a defining quality of a successful entrepreneur and an important part of the decision making process within the business. Finally, the teacher might differentiate the product—a poster displaying the main concepts, key details, and further questions students have about the topic. Students may have opportunities to choose their content focus based on interests. Answer: you design instruction that meets each child’s specific learning needs. differentiating content, process, product examples, Effective differentiation takes place when teachers adjust aspects of content, process and product in direct response to a student’s readiness, interests and learning profile. Differentiation is tailoring instruction to meet the needs of the learners in your classroom. Differentiating learning can be enabled by differentiating the teaching approach to content, process, product and the learning environment. However, there are many low-preparation methods that work with any grade level, subject, or classroom to keep students’ learning goals consistent. This modification is guided by the ... For example, “we differentiate by student affect when we have kids who need a little bit more attention to be able to … The process is how students learn this content. COPYRIGHT 1996-2016 BY EDUCATION WORLD, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Ministry of Education Category Checklists, i) Moderate - Profound Intellectual Disability, 3. Lead a discussion 7. Not necessarily. Content– Content refers to how the curriculum is taught and assessed. •Understand basic principles of differentiating content, process, and product in an academically diverse classroom. Run Literature Circles. Effective differentiation and, by extension, student learning, must make the tasks and focus appealing to … I find these three elements-content, process, and product-enable teachers to visualize differentiation in a way that makes it practical and less intimidating. For a more in-depth explanation of differentiation strategies and how they can be applied to your product or service, check out our online course. It can make a large chapter less overwhelming. - Reteaching parts of a lesson to those students who struggled with the content will target those with holes in their learning. 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